amphetamines; their actions and uses.

  • 167 Pages
  • 0.61 MB
  • English
Thomas , Springfield, Ill
SeriesAmerican lecture series,, no. 338. American lectures in pharmacology
LC ClassificationsRM332 .L4 1958
The Physical Object
Paginationxv, 167 p.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL6248925M
LC Control Number58010277

Additional Physical Format: Online version: Leake, Chauncey Depew, Amphetamines; their actions and uses. Springfield, Ill., Thomas [©]. Amphetamines and amphetamine derivatives have been used in the past to treat narcolepsy. Due to concerns over their side effects, however, amphetamines are increasingly being replaced by modafinil.

Amphetamine (contracted from alpha-methylphenethylamine) is a central nervous system (CNS) stimulant marketed under the brand name Evekeo, among is used in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), narcolepsy, and amine was discovered in and exists as two enantiomers: levoamphetamine and lism: CYP2D6, DBH, FMO3.

To help counteract false positives, many amphetamines immunoassays use higher cutoffs (e.g., or ng/mL) to increase specificity. However, positive amphetamine immunoassay results should always be considered for confirmation by mass spectrometry.

Some of the amphetamines; their actions and uses. book for a positive amphetamines screen, besides illicit use, are listed below.

Description amphetamines; their actions and uses. PDF

Avoid driving and doing other tasks or actions that call for you to be alert until you see how this medicine (amphetamine tablets) affects you. If you have been taking this medicine (amphetamine tablets) for a long time or at high doses, it may not work as well and you may need higher doses to get the same name: Evekeo.

Amphetamines are a class of central nervous system stimulants with a similar chemical structure, including amphetamine, methamphetamine, dextroamphetamine, ephedrine, and others. Generally, these. Series of articles on the biochemical and behavioral effects of amphetamines in man and animals: Handb.

Exp. Pharmakol. 45, (); Handb. Psycho pharmacol. 11, (). Review of use and abuse: J. Morgan, Substance Abuse: Clinical Problems and Perspectives, J. There are nine chapters; a brief introduction is followed by a chapter on the mechanism of action of amphetamines and their effects on mood, performance, sexual function and appetite.

Chapter 3, Medical Uses of Amphetamines, examines the failed attempts at using amphetamines, including fenfluramine and dexfenfluramine, to treat obesity. Amphetamines: Aggressive and Social Behavior 68 Klaus A.

Miczek and Jennifer W. Tidey Neurochemical Mechanisms Involved in Behavioral Effects of Amphetamines and Related Designer Drugs Lisa H. Gold, Mark A. Geyer, and George F. Koob Neuronal Actions of Amphetamine in the Rat Brain Philip M. Groves, Lawrence J. Ryan, Marco Amphetamines; their actions and uses.

book. The TMAs are substituted amphetamines, however, their action does not resemble that of the unsubstituted compound amphetamine, which is a stimulant and not a psychedelic. It is reported that some TMA's elicit a range of emotions ranging from sadness to empathy and euphoria.

TMA was first synthesized by Hey, in Amphetamines Facts: Accepted Uses of Amphetamine Drugs Amphetamines drugs, once used to treat a wide range of conditions, have become a cautiously prescribed treatment for a handful of conditions.

The effects of amphetamines can take a toll on brain chemical processes over time. Amphetamines cause release of stored norepinephrine from adrenergic neuron nerve terminals into the synaptic cleft. They appear to do so through a variety of distinct mechanisms. In this way, adrenergic receptors are stimulated but by an "indirect" mechanism as amphetamines do not directly bind these receptors (hence they are termed "Indirect Adrenergic Agonists").

Amphetamines are stimulant drugs. They make the messages between your brain and body move faster. As a result, you are more alert and physically active. Some people use amphetamines to help them stay awake on the job or to study for a test.

Others use them to boost their performance in sports. Amphetamines also cause the brain to release dopamine. Amphetamines – a diverse class of compounds.

The amphetamines are a diverse class of chemical compounds. They comprise synthetic compounds and naturally occurring alkaloids such as ephedrine and cathinone (), which are synthesized in the plant species Ephedra and Catha, ts from these plants have been used for their remedial and psychostimulant effects for millenia (for an.

amphetamine): an analysis of their neuropsychobiological inter- actions in recreational users. Journal of Neural T ransmission,– Used Books.

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Methamphetamine is an amphetamine with central nervous system (CNS) stimulating activity. Methamphetamine acts by both facilitating the release of catecholamines, particularly noradrenaline, dopamine and serotonin, from nerve terminals in the brain and by inhibiting their leads to an increase in synaptic concentration of these neurotransmitters and results in increased stimulation.

A chart review of known perinatal drug users birthing in metropolitan hospitals of NSW, Australia, showed that the proportion of amphetamine use amongst these women increased from % in.

The Legal Use of Amphetamine. Amphetamines span a wide range of products and drugs, both legal and illegal. In spite of their high potential for abuse and addiction, the legal use of amphetamines in prescription drugs and over-the-counter remedies continues.

Amphetamine is well absorbed in the gut and as it is a weak base hence the more basic the environment the more of the drug is found in a lipid-soluble form and the absorption through lipid-rich cell membranes is highly favored.[A] The peak response of amphetamine occurs hours after oral administration and approximately 15 minutes.

According to the World Drug Reportthough amphetamine-group substance use remains high in North America, a recent survey showed a decline in the use of amphetamines.

Among the population aged 12 years and older, the annual prevalence of all stimulants use was reported as % in% inand % in   Amphetamine is a stimulant medicine that is used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

Details amphetamines; their actions and uses. PDF

The Evekeo brand of amphetamine is used to treat ADHD and also narcolepsy. Other variables which will play a role on how the types of amphetamines will affect the user include: their past use of other drugs, experience with the amphetamines they are taking, how the drug is taken, what the circumstances are surrounding the use, where it was taken, the emotional as well as psychological mood the user is in, and (as with.

Amphetamine, prototype of a series of synthetic drugs, all called amphetamines, that have pronounced stimulatory actions on the central nervous system. Amphetamine itself is a colourless liquid with an acrid taste and a faint odour; the most widely used preparation of the drug is amphetamine sulfate, marketed under the name Benzedrine, a white.

According to the National Drug Strategy Household Survey inrecent use of meth/amphetamine had significantly declined. Ice was the most commonly used form of amphetamine (57 per cent of amphetamine users).

The use of powder continued to significantly decline, from 51 per cent into 29 per cent in and 20 per cent in Recall information about how amphetamines affect the body and the types of feelings this drug produces.

The worksheet and quiz will help students. Amphetamine was first synthesized in Amphetamine, β-phenylisopropylamine, is related to ephedrine, which served as a precursor for the related agent, methamphetamine.

Amphetamine is classified as an indirect acting sympathomimetic agent, active at not only peripheral β- and α-adrenergic receptors but also at CNS sites where it acts as a potent stimulant.

"On Speed, a fascinating history of the use and abuse of amphetamines, is full of hair-raising detail Even more compelling than the historical perspective—which allows for visits to Harlem Jazz clubs, the haunts of Greenwich Village beatniks and Andy Warhol’s Factory—is Mr.

Rasmussen’s withering survey of the current scene, with speed, in the form of Ritalin and Adderall Reviews:   The primary medicinal uses of opiate drugs include pain control, although other uses are also approved.

Amphetamines are central nervous system stimulant drugs. These drugs are often used medicinally to improve attention and concentration, promote wakefulness, reduce the lethargy associated with brain injury or metabolic disorders, and as.

Phentermine Hcl is a noradrenergic sympathomimetic derived from amphetamine-based molecules, and the most commonly used anorexic agent by health care professionals (Table ).Phentermine is FDA approved for short-term (3 months) use as a result of short-term studies completed during a time when obesity was not considered a disease, let alone a chronic disease.

Amphetamine was first synthesized by German chemist L. Edeleano in (originally named phenylisopropylamine). In the 's amphetamines were first marketed as 'benzedrine' in an over-the-counter inhaler to treat congestion and in the late 30's, amphetamine was prescribed for the treatment of narcolepsy and ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder).The Amphetamines Are a group of drugs that derive from the original dextro-amphetamine structure.

This composition was synthesized already in and in its stimulating effects were described.

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They are substances that perform a stimulating action on the Central Nervous System. During World War II, amphetamines were used extensively by the allied forces and axis forces for their stimulant and performance-enhancing effects. Eventually, as the addictive properties of the drug became known, governments began to place strict controls on the sale of amphetamine; for example, during in the United States, amphetamine.